Discourse Analysis Meeting 3

Discourse Analysis Meeting 3: Understanding Discourse

Discourse/Text  Paragraphs  Sentences  Clauses  Phrases  Word  Morphemes

1) Discourse consist of some Paragraphs

2) Paragraphs consist of some sentences

3) Sentences (/do not) consist of some clauses

4) Clauses consist of phrases / words

5) Words consist of some morphemes

Sample of Discourse

English plays an important role in this modern era. People around the world use English not only as a language for science and technology but also as communication tool for economy and national or international interaction. Since it has great role, Indonesian government through its national curriculum obligate the students from junior high school to university to learn English. The government hopes that the students would master English when they finish their study. By mastering the international language, Indonesian can involve in the international interaction and trade. One of the skills of English mastery is speaking. Speaking is an activity to understand and gain information in verbal communication. Speaking is also the activity of expressing ideas and thoughts through verbal language. The ability to understand what other people talk and to answer in the target language is the indication of mastery the language. The ability of speaking will maintain their involvement in the real communication of English. In teaching speaking, teachers should encourage the students to communicate each other, to respond what people say, and to address questions for something we do not know right away. Harmer (2001:87-88) states that teachers should foster their students by giving speaking tasks that provoke them to use all and any language at their command. Those tasks are leading the students to have a change in using English in or outside the class, to give confidence, and to motivate the students. Making students able to speak English is not an easy thing. Many English learners are reluctant and unmotivated (Nunan:1999:231-233). The reluctance may be due to cultural factors, linguistics factors, and/or psychological/affective factors. Cultural factors derive from learners’ experiences and the expectations created by these experiences. Meanwhile, low motivation may be caused by lack of perception of progress, lack of perceived relevant materials, lack of knowledge about the goals of the instructional program, lack of appropriate feedback, uninspired teaching, and boredom. In addition, Gebhard (2000:186) states that one of the problems faced by EFL learners is the students’ won’t talk problem. Some students will not talk because they are too shy or have such high levels of anxiety over speaking. Perhaps, they are shy because they are afraid of making mistakes or their friends will laugh at them. They are also anxious because they had not many changes to speak or because the teacher always gave critics and correct their mistakes right away. Sample of Paragraph English plays an important role in this modern era. People around the world use English not only as a language for science and technology but also as communication tool for economy and national or international interaction. Since it has great role, Indonesian government through its national curriculum obligate the students from junior high school to university to learn English. The government hopes that the students would master English when they finish their study. By mastering the international language, Indonesian can involve in the international interaction and trade. One of the skills of English mastery is speaking.

Things to remember:

A. Organisation:Three parts of Paragraph:

a) Topic Sentence

b) Supporting Sentences

c) Concluding Sentence

B. Sentence Structure:

a) Simple Sentence

b) Compound Sentences : Coordinating Conjunction  For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So

c) Complex Sentences: A combination of one independent clause and one (or more) dependent clause (s). Where a dependent clause always begins with a subordinating word (subordinator). Subordinator: after, as soon as, before, since, until, when, whenever, while, Because, Since, Where.

C. Punctuation : coma, dot. apostrophe

D. Capitalization :

E. Cohesive/Paragraph Unity : all the supporting sentences discuss only one idea.

F. Coherence : a coherence paragraph flows smoothly from beginning to end.

Comments
3 Responses to “Discourse Analysis Meeting 3”
  1. Safrul says:

    Thank You, Sir..

  2. Wapain says:

    Mmm… To complete my note. Thanks sir. .🙂

  3. ayu abid says:

    good subject,,,,thanks sir, and where is the task for one month forward?????
    we are waiting

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