Discourse Analysis Meeting 2: Discourse

Discourse Analysis Meeting 2: Discourse

 

Definition

Discourse = Linguistics units larger than a sentence.

Linguistics units which is content sensitive, not content free.

  • Content free : syntax & semantics

It means the sentence in Syntax and Semantics does not depend very much on context.

E.g.

I go to school

Aardvark is an ant-eating and long tongue.

  • Content sensitive : the words, phrase, clause, sentence and discourse depends on the context.

E.g. Ulfa Dwiyanti is the aardvark of SCTV. (It means Ulfa is the woman who has ‘long tongue’ as the one of aardvark characteristics.)

 

Compare:

Wahab (1998:54) wacana = organisasi bahasa di atas kalimat atau klausa, juga dimaksudkan sebagai unit linguistik yang lebih luas, misalnya dapat berupa percakapan lisan atau teks tertulis.

Chaer (2007:267) wacana = satuan bahasa yang lengkap, sehingga dalam hierarki gramatikal merupakan satuan gramatika tertinggi atau terbesar.

Morfem – Word – Clause – Sentence – Discourse

Chaer (2007:267) wacana mengandung konsep, gagasan, pikiran, atau ide yang utuh, yang bisa dipahami oleh pembaca (dalam wacana tulis) atau pendengar (dalam wacana lisan). Syaratnya gramatika dalam wacana adalah adanya kekoherensian dan kekohesian

 

The use of Wacana (Discourse in Indonesia)

Penggunaan istilah wacana yang muncul dalam judul berita di televisi yang terekam sebagai berikut:

 

No Media Judul Berita
1 mediaindonesia

 

Terlontar Wacana Hanya Dua Fraksi di Parlemen, 30 April 2011

Pemprov Sulsel Usung Wacana Larang Impor Sutera China, 24 Apr 11

Pemerintah Didesak Hentikan Wacana Penghapusan Premium, 30 Apr 2011

Wacana Capres Independen, Kritik bagi Partai, , 18 April 2011

Program Rumah Murah Masih Sebatas Wacana, 04 April 2011

Wacana Pelengseran SBY-Boediono Kembali Mencuat, 03 April 2011BisnisFinansial

Sports

Racing

Sosok

Lainnya

Sumatera

Jawa

Kalimantan

Kawasan Timur

 

2 kaltimpost

 

14 April 2011, Perbaikan Jalan Masih Wacana
3 kompas

 

Hanung: Sang Pencerah 2 Masih Wacana , 25 April 2011

Wacana “Contra Flow” Harus Dikaji, 5 April 2011

4 metrotv

 

Pramono: Wacana Mundur Arifinto untuk Redam Kecaman Publik, 20 Apr 2011

Marzuki : Pengunduran Diri Arifinto baru Sebatas Wacana, 19 April 2011

Pemerintah Sambut Wacana Relokasi Industri Jepang ke Indonesia, 24 Maret 2011

Aburizal: Golkar Kaji Wacana Capres Independen, 5 April 2011

5 republika

 

Kurtubi: Hentikan Wacana Penghapusan Premium, 29 April 2011

Wacana Penghapusan Premium, Ceroboh, 29 April 2011

Roy: Jangan Lebay Tanggapi Wacana Penyadapan, 24 Maret 2011

Flyover Gaplek dan Pasar Serpong Baru Sebatas Wacana, 06 Mei 2011

 

Salah satu topik berita Kabar Malam tvONE = “Wacana Pembubaran KPK” (7 Okt 2011)

 

Jenis Wacana

Djajasudarma (1994:5) , Jenis wacana terbagi menjadi empat, berdasarkan:

1)     eksistensi/realitasnya =  wacana verbal dan non verbal.

2)     media komunikasi = wacana lisan dan tulis.

3)     cara pemaparannya = wacana naratif, deskriptif, prosedural, ekspositori, dan wacana hortatori.

4)     jenis pemakaiannya= wacana monolog, wacana dialog, dan wacana polilog.

 

Chaer (2005:272) membagi wacana berdasarkan sarana dan isinya.

1)     Sarananya = wacana lisan dan wacana tulis.

2)     Isinya = wacana narasi, ekposisi, persuasi, dan wacana argumentasi.

 

Example of Text / Discourse:

MUI rejects Miss Universe’s Bandung visit

The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Thu, 10/06/2011 5:08 PM

The West Java chapter of the Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI) has voiced its rejection of a planned visit by Miss Universe 2011, Leila Lopes, to Bandung next Tuesday, saying it objects to the selection process that led to her crowning.

“It’s not the fact that she’s Miss Universe, but look at the selection process. There’s a session where they have to wear bikinis; and from what I heard, their heights and the size of their breasts were also measured. This is clearly forbidden in Islam,” MUI West Java secretary Rafani Akhyar said Thursday in Bandung.

“She came out of the process and is now being adored, as if a Miss Universe has a high position [in society]. This is the difference between Islam and a secular nation,” he added, as quoted by Antara.

Rafani reiterated that the selection process of the Miss Universe contest was an assault toward women.

ooooooo The End of Meeting 2 oooooooo

Comments
3 Responses to “Discourse Analysis Meeting 2: Discourse”
  1. ayu abid says:

    wonderful subject lecture…love it

  2. Discourse.. says:

    I will write down in my notebook or copy this matery…

  3. Wa pain says:

    Good subject.
    I like it:)

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